SPORTS MEDICAL INFORMATION

SPORTS MEDICAL INFORMATION

Posted 03/12/2008 - 20:14 by admin

Soccer is an endurance sport consisting of moderate activity levels interspersed with brief high intensity burst.  This type of activity leads to a high rate of heat production within the body.  This means that the risk of heat related illness is possible. Heat Related Illnesses occur when the body generates more heat than it is able to get rid of.  Generally this happens when the temperature within the body rises too high (above 102 degrees).   The heat related illness will take on one of three forms: heat cramps (mildest and most common), heat exhaustion (very serious, could lead to other problems), or heat stroke (EXTREMELY SERIOUS, COULD CAUSE DEATH). Heat Cramps are muscle cramps that occur during or immediately following heavy exertion in hot or humid weather.  These cramps can occur in one or several different muscles, with the leg muscles being the most common site.  Heat cramps are warnings that more severe heat related problems are possible, but can be avoidable. Another condition occurring as a result of exertion in the heat and humidity is heat exhaustion.   Heat exhaustion is an indication that the body’s cooling system is not working properly.  This will produce varied symptoms, but most often a person will feel nauseated, disoriented, and/or weak.  The skin is usually cold and clammy.  When either of these conditions occur, one should move to a cool, shaded area, drink plenty of cold water, and rest.  Avoid any further activity for 24 hours and seek medical assistance if symptoms continue.   The most severe form of heat illness is heat stroke.  Heat stroke occurs when there is a complete “shut down” of the body’s cooling system and requires IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ATTENTION.  The victim will often go into shock or even lose consciousness.  Additionally, the skin will generally be hot and dry.  If the person’s body temperature is not lowered immediately, heat stroke may cause death.  Cool the person’s body rapidly and call for emergency medical assistance. 

YOU SHOULD PLAN ON TAKING A MANDATORY WATER BREAK (2 MINUTES MAX) AT A BALL OUT OF PLAY SITUATION MIDWAY BETWEEN EACH HALF!  THE CLOCK SHOULD REMAIN RUNNING.  IF ANY PLAYER EXHIBITS ANY OF THE SYMPTOMS ABOVE, WHETHER IT IS A SUBSTITUTION SITUATION OR NOT, STOP PLAY AND REMOVE THEM FROM THE FIELD FOR IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ATTENTION!

 

BRING AND DRINK PLENTY OF WATER – SEEK SHADE WHERE POSSIBLE AT ALL BREAKS – STAY HYDRATED AND USE SUNSCREEN!